Page 1 of 1 [ 11 posts ] 

pandabear
Veteran
Veteran

User avatar

Joined: 16 Aug 2007
Age: 58
Gender: Male
Posts: 9,629

09 May 2011, 9:41 am

http://news.yahoo.com/s/nm/20110509/hl_ ... tism_korea

Quote:

One in 38 kids in South Korea may have autism: study

CHICAGO/SEOUL (Reuters) – One out of every 38 children in South Korea may have autism, a surprisingly high number based on a new research approach that suggests autism is a global problem that is significantly underdiagnosed, researchers said on Monday.

The estimate, which translates into 2.64 percent of children, is far higher than the estimated 1 percent rate seen in studies in the United States and Europe.

The study is the first to estimate autism in South Korea, and while the study needs to be confirmed, it suggests autism may be more common than previously thought.

"Are we surprised? Yes," said Dr. Young-Shin Kim of Yale University, whose study was funded by the advocacy group Autism Speaks and published in the American Journal of Psychiatry.

Kim's team used a painstaking research method that involved screening 55,000 children aged 7 to 12 in the South Korean city of Goyang. The team surveyed parents about their children's behavior, then followed up with evaluations of at risk children to confirm their diagnosis.

This population-based approach was designed to capture cases that might not be detected with methods that use school or medical records to identify autistic children.

"The high prevalence comes from this new population we included in our study -- the kids without any previous developmental delays or mental health issues," Kim said.

The autism rate among children from special schools was 0.75 percent, compared with 1.89 percent in regular school classrooms.

Rates of autism have been climbing in the past decade, in part because of changes in how it is diagnosed.

Instead of a single diagnosis, autism is a spectrum of diseases ranging from a profound inability to communicate and mental retardation to relatively mild symptoms such as with Asperger's syndrome.

GLOBAL CONCERN

In Asia, parents are largely ignorant about the disorder, which has no cure, and are reluctant to face it.

"A lot of parents in Korea do not recognize autism symptoms. We are not sure if the figure is correct, but if it is, then numbers of autistic children may be underdiagnosed," said a spokeswoman working at a specialist clinic.

"One problem that seems to pop up frequently is that parents do not want to acknowledge that their child/children may be autistic," said the woman, who asked not to be named.

"Many do not recognize the need for clinical care, which is essential," said a doctor at another such clinic. "Korean culture may make it more difficult to (accept) autism."

The highly structured nature of South Korean schools -- in which the school day can exceed 12 hours -- may also contribute to the high numbers of children with undetected autism.

"For quiet, high-functioning children with autism spectrum disorders, this environment may reduce the likelihood of referrals to special education programs," the team wrote.

Geraldine Dawson of Autism Speaks said the study "confirms that autism is a significant global public health concern."

But it also suggests current research methods are underestimating autism in the United States and elsewhere.

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates autism affects nearly one in 110 children.

Dr. Marshalyn Yeargin-Allsopp, an epidemiologist at CDC, said it is likely the agency's method of estimating prevalence -- focusing on probable cases -- misses some children.

"We know that we are not capturing all of the cases," she told Reuters in a telephone interview.

As for the South Korean study, she said, "We are concerned that this prevalence is so high, but we have to bear in mind they are using different methodology. Using different methodology gives you different estimates," she said.

But Craig Newschaffer, an autism researcher at Drexel University in Philadelphia who has seen the study, said there may be other reasons the South Korean estimates are higher.

"Most of the cases came from the general population sample," he said, in which only about 60 percent of parents participated. He said parents in regular schools who had concerns about their child's development might have been more likely to participate than those who had no concerns.

But to Newschaffer, the numbers are less important than the finding that autism is so widespread.

"Autism is a major public health problem in the United States, Europe and most likely worldwide. I don't think this is a game changer, but I think we need to be paying more attention to figuring out why."

(Additional reporting by Tan Ee Lyn in Hong Kong; Editing by Eric Beech)



Wallourdes
Veteran
Veteran

User avatar

Joined: 24 Jul 2010
Age: 29
Gender: Male
Posts: 4,589
Location: Netherlands

09 May 2011, 9:48 am

Already posted:
http://www.wrongplanet.net/postt160722.html


_________________
"It all start with Hoborg, a being who had to create, because... he had to. He make the world full of beauty and wonder. This world, the Neverhood, a world where he could live forever and ever more!"


pandabear
Veteran
Veteran

User avatar

Joined: 16 Aug 2007
Age: 58
Gender: Male
Posts: 9,629

09 May 2011, 11:25 am

Oh, well, the other one didn't mention Korea in the title.

Anyway, the author of the article appears to take the point of view that autism is a bad thing. Maybe the high level of autism could be associated with Korea's high level of economic progress. Similar to Silicon Valley.

The worst thing, for our economy and for the world in general, is the Narcissistic Personality Disorder. But, no-one ever cites alarming studies concerning NPD's.



DeaconBlues
Veteran
Veteran

User avatar

Joined: 21 Apr 2007
Age: 53
Gender: Male
Posts: 3,960
Location: Earth, mostly

09 May 2011, 11:29 am

At the very least, it helps explain why South Korea has the most feared Starcraft players in the world... :)


_________________
Sodium is a metal that reacts explosively when exposed to water. Chlorine is a gas that'll kill you dead in moments. Together they make my fries taste good.


Conspicuous
Pileated woodpecker
Pileated woodpecker

User avatar

Joined: 5 Apr 2011
Age: 31
Gender: Male
Posts: 195
Location: Phoenix

09 May 2011, 12:21 pm

DeaconBlues wrote:
At the very least, it helps explain why South Korea has the most feared Starcraft players in the world... :)


Thanks for the laughs. My day has been brightened. :lol:



SyphonFilter
Veteran
Veteran

User avatar

Joined: 7 Feb 2011
Gender: Male
Posts: 2,101
Location: Planeptune, Hyperdimension

09 May 2011, 5:08 pm

DeaconBlues wrote:
At the very least, it helps explain why South Korea has the most feared Starcraft players in the world... :)


Thousands of South Koreans pack into arenas in Seoul to watch autistics battle it out for control of galactic resources in StarCraft 2! All of those guys probably use the overpowered Protoss.



Vigilans
Veteran
Veteran

User avatar

Joined: 19 Jun 2008
Age: 29
Gender: Male
Posts: 12,327
Location: Montreal

09 May 2011, 5:16 pm

DeaconBlues wrote:
At the very least, it helps explain why South Korea has the most feared Starcraft players in the world... :)


I gave up playing SC after it became evident the South Koreans had conquered Battle.net. Clearly the real threat is not North Korea :lol: :wink:


_________________
Opportunities multiply as they are seized. -Sun Tzu
Nature creates few men brave, industry and training makes many -Machiavelli
You can safely assume that you've created God in your own image when it turns out that God hates all the same people you do


kepheru
Sea Gull
Sea Gull

User avatar

Joined: 31 Mar 2011
Age: 25
Gender: Male
Posts: 219
Location: U.S.

09 May 2011, 9:26 pm

I'm from South Korea and maybe this explains a lot about me :P .

By the way, I don't play starcraft :wink:



USMCnBNSFdude
Veteran
Veteran

User avatar

Joined: 29 Apr 2011
Age: 20
Gender: Male
Posts: 944
Location: Texas

09 May 2011, 10:10 pm

kepheru wrote:
I'm from South Korea and maybe this explains a lot about me :P .

By the way, I don't play starcraft :wink:

your life can not be fulfilled if you don't play Starcraft. Much less if you're a Korean who never has. :evil:



John_Browning
Veteran
Veteran

User avatar

Joined: 22 Mar 2009
Age: 35
Gender: Male
Posts: 4,456
Location: The shooting range

09 May 2011, 11:42 pm

pandabear wrote:
http://news.yahoo.com/s/nm/20110509/hl_nm/us_autism_korea

Quote:
"The high prevalence comes from this new population we included in our study -- the kids without any previous developmental delays or mental health issues," Kim said.

In other words, they padded their statistics with kids who don't meet the criteria for impairment in their daily life.

(III) The disturbance causes clinically significant impairments in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.


_________________
"Gun control is like trying to reduce drunk driving by making it tougher for sober people to own cars."
- Unknown

"A fear of weapons is a sign of retarded sexual and emotional maturity."
-Sigmund Freud


Guilliman
Snowy Owl
Snowy Owl

User avatar

Joined: 3 Apr 2011
Age: 29
Gender: Male
Posts: 145

09 May 2011, 11:45 pm

Even if statistics are slightly botched it might make a first step in a much higher global awareness for autism. Perhaps due to research like this that one day we may feel natural to tell people we are wired differently, knowing they fully understand the condition and will show no distaste, fear or prejudices and will accept us just the way we are.