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Pepe
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13 Dec 2019, 3:36 am

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A look at some of the principles of critical thinking.


-Learning skills help us towards self-reliance.
-Critical thinking: Evaluating information and our own thoughts in a disciplined way.
-Evaluating our thoughts helps us refine our own thought processes.
-It gives us the ability to identify and reject false ideas and ideologies.
-The need to pinpoint any biasing influences on our thoughts.
-To pinpoint and minimize influences from culture and upbringing.
-To seek out and be guided by knowledge and evidence that fits with reality, even if it refutes our cherished beliefs.
-If a belief is unfounded, a change of position is an appropriate response.
-Explanations must actually explain and be testable to be worthy of serious consideration.
-Critical thinking embraces scepticism.
-Scepticism doesn't mean indiscriminate rejection of ideas, it involves doubting and suspending our judgement about claims with which we are presented and we don't simply accept claims which might be unjustified but first take the time to understand them, examining the reasoning and possible assumptions and biases behind them.
-The reasoning behind factual claims should be based on sound consistent logic, not on emotions and social pressure.
-The truth of factual claims is not determined by: the emotion that accompanies them or the fact that they may be believed by certain social groups.
-What will increase our understanding? Dismissing reason or looking honesty at the flaws?
-A lack of respect for reason or evidence will sabotage one's capacity for critical thought.
-One of the barriers to critical thinking is the unwillingness to see complex issues in anything other than black and white terms.
-If one sees only 2 options where more exist, this constitutes a false dichotomy.
-If we think in false dichotomies, we will draw false conclusions.
-Black and white thinking often reflects underlying intolerance of ambiguity.
-Leaping to flawed conclusions because you can't tolerate the ambiguity of not knowing is not about truth or curiosity, but comfort.
-A critical thinker can handle uncertainty, prefers to be aware of their areas of ignorance, and they can wait for valid evidence-based answers.
Critical thinking moves us away from: rash conclusions, mystification, reluctance to question received wisdom, authority, tradition and moves us towards intellectual discipline, clear expression of ideas, and the acceptance of personal responsibility for our own thinking.



https://youtu.be/6OLPL5p0fMg


_________________
Laughter is the best medicine. Age-appropriate behaviour is an arbitrary NT social construct.
Don't tell me white lies. Gaslight me at your peril. Don't give me your bad attitude. Hypnosis, psychosis. Tomarto, tomayto. "Go after people and not institutions; people hurt faster than institutions." I didn't say that. Honey badger.
If I'm so bad, pass me by. ;)


And one more thing,


"A stranger is a friend gang-stalker you haven't met yet." Humour is not meant to be taken seriously, yet many on the left pervert its intent.
Truth may be inconvenient but it is never politically incorrect...The Oracle of Truth has spoken...8)


THERE WILL BE NO COUP IN AMERICA!


Pepe
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13 Dec 2019, 5:51 am

Metacognition:

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Metacognition is, put simply, thinking about one’s thinking. More precisely, it refers to the processes used to plan, monitor, and assess one’s understanding and performance. Metacognition includes a critical awareness of a) one’s thinking and learning and b) oneself as a thinker and learner.

Quote:
Metacognitive practices help students become aware of their strengths and weaknesses as learners, writers, readers, test-takers, group members, etc. A key element is recognizing the limit of one’s knowledge or ability and then figuring out how to expand that knowledge or extend the ability. Those who know their strengths and weaknesses in these areas will be more likely to “actively monitor their learning strategies and resources and assess their readiness for particular tasks and performances” (Bransford, Brown, & Cocking, p. 67).

Quote:
The absence of metacognition connects to the research by Dunning, Johnson, Ehrlinger, and Kruger on “Why People Fail to Recognize Their Own Incompetence” (2003). They found that “people tend to be blissfully unaware of their incompetence,” lacking “insight about deficiencies in their intellectual and social skills.” They identified this pattern across domains—from test-taking, writing grammatically, thinking logically, to recognizing humor, to hunters’ knowledge about firearms and medical lab technicians’ knowledge of medical terminology and problem-solving skills (p. 83-84). In short, “if people lack the skills to produce correct answers, they are also cursed with an inability to know when their answers, or anyone else’s, are right or wrong” (p. 85). This research suggests that increased metacognitive abilities—to learn specific (and correct) skills, how to recognize them, and how to practice them—is needed in many contexts. https://cft.vanderbilt.edu/guides-sub-p ... cognition/


_________________
Laughter is the best medicine. Age-appropriate behaviour is an arbitrary NT social construct.
Don't tell me white lies. Gaslight me at your peril. Don't give me your bad attitude. Hypnosis, psychosis. Tomarto, tomayto. "Go after people and not institutions; people hurt faster than institutions." I didn't say that. Honey badger.
If I'm so bad, pass me by. ;)


And one more thing,


"A stranger is a friend gang-stalker you haven't met yet." Humour is not meant to be taken seriously, yet many on the left pervert its intent.
Truth may be inconvenient but it is never politically incorrect...The Oracle of Truth has spoken...8)


THERE WILL BE NO COUP IN AMERICA!


Pepe
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13 Dec 2019, 4:28 pm

Quote:
The Science Of Irrationality


Quote:
While philosophers, economists and social scientists had assumed for centuries that human beings are rational agents, Mr. Kahneman and his scientific partner, the late Amos Tversky, demonstrated that we're not nearly as rational as we like to believe.

When people face an uncertain situation, they don't carefully evaluate the information or look up relevant statistics. Instead, their decisions depend on mental short cuts, which often lead them to make foolish decisions. The short cuts aren't a faster way of doing the math; they're a way of skipping the math altogether. https://www.wired.com/2011/10/the-scien ... tionality/


_________________
Laughter is the best medicine. Age-appropriate behaviour is an arbitrary NT social construct.
Don't tell me white lies. Gaslight me at your peril. Don't give me your bad attitude. Hypnosis, psychosis. Tomarto, tomayto. "Go after people and not institutions; people hurt faster than institutions." I didn't say that. Honey badger.
If I'm so bad, pass me by. ;)


And one more thing,


"A stranger is a friend gang-stalker you haven't met yet." Humour is not meant to be taken seriously, yet many on the left pervert its intent.
Truth may be inconvenient but it is never politically incorrect...The Oracle of Truth has spoken...8)


THERE WILL BE NO COUP IN AMERICA!


Pepe
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13 Dec 2019, 4:48 pm

Groupthink:

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What Is Groupthink?

Groupthink occurs when a group of well-intentioned people make irrational or non-optimal decisions spurred by the urge to conform or the discouragement of dissent. This problematic or premature consensus may be fueled by a particular agenda or simply because group members value harmony and coherence above rational thinking.

In a groupthink situation, group members refrain from expressing doubts and judgments or disagreeing with the consensus. In the interest of making a decision that furthers their group cause, members may ignore any ethical or moral consequences.


Quote:
How to Recognize Groupthink

To recognize groupthink, it's useful to identify the situations in which it's most likely to occur. When groups feel threatened—either physically or through threats to their identity—they may develop a strong “us versus them” mentality. This can prompt members to accept group perspectives, even when those perspectives don’t necessarily align with their personal views. Groupthink may also occur in situations in which decision-making is rushed—in some cases, with destructive outcomes.

To minimize the risk, it's critical to allow enough time for issues to be fully discussed, and for as many group members as possible to share their thoughts. When dissent is encouraged, groupthink is less likely to occur. Learning about common cognitive biases, as well as how to identify them, may also reduce the likelihood of groupthink.


https://www.psychologytoday.com/au/basics/groupthink


_________________
Laughter is the best medicine. Age-appropriate behaviour is an arbitrary NT social construct.
Don't tell me white lies. Gaslight me at your peril. Don't give me your bad attitude. Hypnosis, psychosis. Tomarto, tomayto. "Go after people and not institutions; people hurt faster than institutions." I didn't say that. Honey badger.
If I'm so bad, pass me by. ;)


And one more thing,


"A stranger is a friend gang-stalker you haven't met yet." Humour is not meant to be taken seriously, yet many on the left pervert its intent.
Truth may be inconvenient but it is never politically incorrect...The Oracle of Truth has spoken...8)


THERE WILL BE NO COUP IN AMERICA!


jimmy m
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13 Dec 2019, 4:53 pm

There seems to be very little thought in present day discussions. It is just a regurgitation of other peoples words (talking heads) without any subjected analysis or critical thinking. Generally any critical responses only produces an array of logic fallacies. Pepe, I will recommend a book for you if you haven't read it already. The book is called:

The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe: How to Know What's Really Real in the World Increasingly Full of Fake
by Dr. Steven Novella


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A very unique plan. As Dr. Paul Thompson wrote, "This is the very best paper on the virus I have ever seen."


Pepe
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13 Dec 2019, 4:56 pm

Cognitive bias:

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A cognitive bias is a systematic error in thinking that affects the decisions and judgments that people make. Some of these biases are related to memory. The way you remember an event may be biased for a number of reasons and that in turn can lead to biased thinking and decision-making. Other cognitive biases might be related to problems with attention. Since attention is a limited resource, people have to be selective about what they pay attention to in the world around them. Because of this, subtle biases can creep in and influence the way you see and think about the world.

How Do Cognitive Biases Work?

A cognitive bias is a type of error in thinking that occurs when people are processing and interpreting information in the world around them. The human brain is powerful but subject to limitations. Cognitive biases are often a result of your brain's attempt to simplify information processing. They are rules of thumb that help you make sense of the world and reach decisions with relative speed.

When you are making judgments and decisions about the world around you, you like to think that you are objective, logical, and capable of taking in and evaluating all the information that is available to you. Unfortunately, these biases sometimes trip us up, leading to poor decisions and bad judgments.
Causes

If you had to think about every possible option when making a decision, it would probably take a lot of time to make even the simplest choice. Because of the sheer complexity of the world around you and the amount of information in the environment, it is necessary sometimes to rely on some mental shortcuts that allow you to act quickly.

Cognitive biases can be caused by a number of different things, but it is these mental shortcuts, known as heuristics, that often play a major contributing role. While they can often be surprisingly accurate, they can also lead to errors in thinking. Social pressures, individual motivations, emotions, and limits on the mind's ability to process information can also contribute to these biases.
https://www.verywellmind.com/what-is-a- ... as-2794963


_________________
Laughter is the best medicine. Age-appropriate behaviour is an arbitrary NT social construct.
Don't tell me white lies. Gaslight me at your peril. Don't give me your bad attitude. Hypnosis, psychosis. Tomarto, tomayto. "Go after people and not institutions; people hurt faster than institutions." I didn't say that. Honey badger.
If I'm so bad, pass me by. ;)


And one more thing,


"A stranger is a friend gang-stalker you haven't met yet." Humour is not meant to be taken seriously, yet many on the left pervert its intent.
Truth may be inconvenient but it is never politically incorrect...The Oracle of Truth has spoken...8)


THERE WILL BE NO COUP IN AMERICA!


Pepe
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13 Dec 2019, 6:57 pm

jimmy m wrote:
There seems to be very little thought in present day discussions. It is just a regurgitation of other peoples words (talking heads) without any subjected analysis or critical thinking. Generally any critical responses only produces an array of logic fallacies. Pepe, I will recommend a book for you if you haven't read it already. The book is called:

The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe: How to Know What's Really Real in the World Increasingly Full of Fake
by Dr. Steven Novella


In my entire journey on the internet, I have only once come across a poster who meticulously spent the time defining definitions and parameters before the discussion began.
It was in a philosophy forum I was flirting with joining.
How could something so simple be so under-utilised?

Part of the problem seems to be a lack of critical thinking in the mainstream,
An environment which is dominated by emotional needs, social posturing, alpha-maledom, alpha-femaledom, the agendas of social justice warriors, and so forth.
All of the above energies dedicated to serving the more primitive aspects of the human brain.

"Rationality" is *not* the default setting of most human beings.
"Rationality", in defiance of our more primitive urges/instincts, is usually the result of hard-won life experience and (ironically) the "desire" for self-improvement/independence.

Obviously, the problem also stems from the education system, which seems to be failing the majority of students in many parts of the world.
I suspect this is in part due to an elitist mindset by some of our social architects who apparently embrace the belief: "We need relatively few leaders to govern/shepherd the proletariate".
I have known one particular Prime Minister, who fitted the bill.
And yes, he was a conservative.

Thank you for the "Dr. Steven Novella" lead.

Cheers m8, :wink:


_________________
Laughter is the best medicine. Age-appropriate behaviour is an arbitrary NT social construct.
Don't tell me white lies. Gaslight me at your peril. Don't give me your bad attitude. Hypnosis, psychosis. Tomarto, tomayto. "Go after people and not institutions; people hurt faster than institutions." I didn't say that. Honey badger.
If I'm so bad, pass me by. ;)


And one more thing,


"A stranger is a friend gang-stalker you haven't met yet." Humour is not meant to be taken seriously, yet many on the left pervert its intent.
Truth may be inconvenient but it is never politically incorrect...The Oracle of Truth has spoken...8)


THERE WILL BE NO COUP IN AMERICA!


jimmy m
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13 Dec 2019, 8:01 pm


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A very unique plan. As Dr. Paul Thompson wrote, "This is the very best paper on the virus I have ever seen."


jimmy m
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13 Dec 2019, 8:12 pm

Evidence is emerging that limiting time on social media helps kids improve their grades. Five years ago, it came out that Steve Jobs and other Silicon Valley greats were actually low tech parents. Whether they encouraged others to do so or not, the tech billionaires recognized and avoided the dangers for their own kids.

But what exactly are the dangers? What’s different today from the cafeteria gossip mills of the past? In an excerpt from his upcoming book, The Social Media Upheaval (May 28, 2019), University of Tennessee law professor Glenn Harlan Reynolds explains why he considers Twitter, in particular, a virus of the mind:

Social media is addictive by design. The companies involved put enormous amounts of thought and effort into making it that way, so that people will be glued to their screens. As much as they’re selling anything, they’re selling the ‘dopamine hit’ that people experience when they get a ‘like’ or a ‘share’ or some other response to their action. We’ve reached the point where there are not merely articles in places like Psychology Today and The Washington Post on dealing with ‘social media addiction’, but even scholarly papers in medical journals, with titles like ‘The relationship between addictive use of social media and video games and symptoms of psychiatric disorders: A large scale cross-sectional study’. One of the consulting companies in the business of making applications addictive is even named Dopamine Labs, making no bones about what’s going on.

Using engineering terminology, he makes the point that, whereas the blogosphere has been a loosely coupled system where craziness in one venue had little impact on another, new social media are tightly coupled systems, prone to maximal disruption:

The ‘retweet’, ‘comment’, and ‘like’ buttons are immediate. A retweet sends a posting, no matter how angry or misinformed, to all the retweeter’s followers, who can then do the same to their followers, and so on, in a runaway chain reaction. Unlike blogs, little to no thought is required, and in practice very few people even follow the link (if there is one) to ‘read the whole thing’. According to a study by computer scientists at Columbia University and the French National Institute, 59 percent of people who share a link on social media don’t read the underlying story. I’m honestly surprised the number isn’t higher.

One outcome, he observes is that people are more likely to believe and spread misinformation they hear on social media. Ironically, Twitter—used widely by social and political leaders—is particularly bad for “thoughtless polarization” which spreads like a virus into the majority of the population that does not use Twitter. He himself left Twitter (“a breeding ground for thoughtlessness and contempt”) in the fall of 2018 but he does not see that as a solution for political discourse because “With Twitter, you can participate and be driven crazy – or you can stay sane, and lose influence. That’s a bad trade-off.”

Source: HOW DID TWITTER BECOME A “VIRUS OF THE MIND”?


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Author of Practical Preparations for a Coronavirus Pandemic.
A very unique plan. As Dr. Paul Thompson wrote, "This is the very best paper on the virus I have ever seen."


Pepe
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13 Dec 2019, 11:24 pm

False Dichotomy:

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False Dichotomy Definition

False dichotomy is an example of a logical fallacy, which is a failure of reasoning. That’s just what false dichotomy is. It’s a failure of reasoning. More specifically, we can define false dichotomy as when the author creates an artificial sense that there are only two possible alternatives in a situation. By doing that, the author limits both the readers options and imagination.

This fallacy is common when the author has an agenda and wants to give the impression that their view is the only sensible one. Readers should always be suspicious of the false dichotomy. When an author limits alternatives, the reader must ask, “Is the author being valid?” An example of false dichotomy is: “You need to go to the party with me. Otherwise, you’ll just be bored at home.”

Here, the speaker suggests that the only other possibility besides being at the party is being bored at home. This is not true, as it is perfectly possible to be entertained at home or even to go somewhere other than the party. This is an example of false dichotomy, because the author is creating that artificial sense that there are only two possible alternatives. One is to go to the party and one is to be bored at home.

Remember that the author wants to give the impression that their view is the only sensible one. Here, the only sensible option looks like to go to the party, because who wants to be bored at home? Really, there are many sensible options in this situation. That’s why this is an example of false dichotomy. https://www.mometrix.com/academy/false-dichotomy/



https://youtu.be/m5ikx26se60


_________________
Laughter is the best medicine. Age-appropriate behaviour is an arbitrary NT social construct.
Don't tell me white lies. Gaslight me at your peril. Don't give me your bad attitude. Hypnosis, psychosis. Tomarto, tomayto. "Go after people and not institutions; people hurt faster than institutions." I didn't say that. Honey badger.
If I'm so bad, pass me by. ;)


And one more thing,


"A stranger is a friend gang-stalker you haven't met yet." Humour is not meant to be taken seriously, yet many on the left pervert its intent.
Truth may be inconvenient but it is never politically incorrect...The Oracle of Truth has spoken...8)


THERE WILL BE NO COUP IN AMERICA!


Pepe
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13 Dec 2019, 11:38 pm

jimmy m wrote:


Mathew Hopkins.
The epitome of: "Poetic Justice".


_________________
Laughter is the best medicine. Age-appropriate behaviour is an arbitrary NT social construct.
Don't tell me white lies. Gaslight me at your peril. Don't give me your bad attitude. Hypnosis, psychosis. Tomarto, tomayto. "Go after people and not institutions; people hurt faster than institutions." I didn't say that. Honey badger.
If I'm so bad, pass me by. ;)


And one more thing,


"A stranger is a friend gang-stalker you haven't met yet." Humour is not meant to be taken seriously, yet many on the left pervert its intent.
Truth may be inconvenient but it is never politically incorrect...The Oracle of Truth has spoken...8)


THERE WILL BE NO COUP IN AMERICA!


Pepe
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14 Dec 2019, 12:00 am

Toxic Sanctimony:

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Michelle Malkin: Procter & Gamble's Toxic Sanctimony

Quote:
One of the world's most successful brands committed ideological hara-kiri this week. Recognized around the world as a symbol of manly civility for more than a century, Gillette will now be remembered as the company that did itself in by sacrificing a massive consumer base at the altar of progressivism.

To which I say: R.I.P.-C. (Rest In Political Correctness).

In case you hadn't seen or heard, parent company Procter & Gamble launched a Gillette ad campaign blanket-demonizing men as ogres and bullies. Guilt-ridden actors gaze ruefully at their reflections in the mirror — not because they've neglected their hygiene, but simply because they're men. Various scenarios of boys being boors and males being monsters flash across the screen before woke interlocutors show how "real" men behave in nonaggressive, conciliatory and apologetic ways.

At home and at work, in the boardroom, on the playground, and even while barbecuing in the backyard, Gillette sees nothing but testosterone-driven trouble. Message: Y chromosomes are toxic. The "best a man can get" can no longer be attained without first renouncing oppressive manliness.

Self-improvement must begin with self-flagellation. https://www.investors.com/politics/colu ... le-malkin/


_________________
Laughter is the best medicine. Age-appropriate behaviour is an arbitrary NT social construct.
Don't tell me white lies. Gaslight me at your peril. Don't give me your bad attitude. Hypnosis, psychosis. Tomarto, tomayto. "Go after people and not institutions; people hurt faster than institutions." I didn't say that. Honey badger.
If I'm so bad, pass me by. ;)


And one more thing,


"A stranger is a friend gang-stalker you haven't met yet." Humour is not meant to be taken seriously, yet many on the left pervert its intent.
Truth may be inconvenient but it is never politically incorrect...The Oracle of Truth has spoken...8)


THERE WILL BE NO COUP IN AMERICA!


Pepe
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14 Dec 2019, 12:26 am

Emotional hijack:

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What is an emotional hijack?

In 1995, psychologist and science journalist Daniel Goleman published a book introducing most of the world to the concept of emotional intelligence: the ability to identify, understand, and manage emotions.

One of the concepts Goleman made familiar to the public was that of the emotional hijack (or hijacking).

An emotional hijack refers to a situation in which the amygdala, the part of the brain that serves as our emotional processor, hijacks or bypasses your normal reasoning process. You see, while much of your decision making takes place in other parts of the brain, scientists recognize the amygdala's propensity to take over in certain circumstances.


_________________
Laughter is the best medicine. Age-appropriate behaviour is an arbitrary NT social construct.
Don't tell me white lies. Gaslight me at your peril. Don't give me your bad attitude. Hypnosis, psychosis. Tomarto, tomayto. "Go after people and not institutions; people hurt faster than institutions." I didn't say that. Honey badger.
If I'm so bad, pass me by. ;)


And one more thing,


"A stranger is a friend gang-stalker you haven't met yet." Humour is not meant to be taken seriously, yet many on the left pervert its intent.
Truth may be inconvenient but it is never politically incorrect...The Oracle of Truth has spoken...8)


THERE WILL BE NO COUP IN AMERICA!


Pepe
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14 Dec 2019, 4:40 am

The Psychology of Partisanship:

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Jordan Peterson is a clinical psychologist and professor of psychology at the University of Toronto who has been studying the architecture of people's beliefs for almost 20 years. And he says that humans are far more inclined to attach themselves to rigid ideology than they are to navigate the unmapped and complex world of the open-minded center.

"Life is really complicated," Peterson explains. "We're surrounded by problems whose magnitude exceeds our computational complexity. So much so that we often don't even know what the actual problem is.


Quote:
People barricade themselves inside fortresses of knowledge. They're very territorial about their ideological structures. And they like to be in there with a bunch of other people who think like they do."


Quote:
If a group of us all believe the river should be saved, we are more likely to join together to clean it up. The problem arises when we follow that impulse too far, into a rigid need to have our group's view be the only "right" view.


"Everyone has to have knowledge and opinions," Peterson says. "The question is what attitude you have about that knowledge. One attitude is, 'Well, hopefully I know some useful things. But if I shut up and listen, I might learn some other useful things.'" But another (and more common) attitude is, "'I'd bloody well better be right, because the world is a complex place, and if I'm not right, I'm screwed.' Being 'right' is like being inside a fortress," Peterson explains. "You might starve in there, but you're safe."

And just to complicate things, that need to "be right" is also intensified by our need for hierarchical status.

"Humans are very status conscious creatures," Peterson says. "They hate [losing status] more than just about anything. So if I'm trying to score points off of you [by proving I'm right], we're not having a discussion or trying to solve a problem, we're engaged in a primate hierarchical dispute."

In other words, there are lots of motivations for us to gravitate toward one corner or the other and stay there, shouting down the opposition.


https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/ar ... hip/66304/


_________________
Laughter is the best medicine. Age-appropriate behaviour is an arbitrary NT social construct.
Don't tell me white lies. Gaslight me at your peril. Don't give me your bad attitude. Hypnosis, psychosis. Tomarto, tomayto. "Go after people and not institutions; people hurt faster than institutions." I didn't say that. Honey badger.
If I'm so bad, pass me by. ;)


And one more thing,


"A stranger is a friend gang-stalker you haven't met yet." Humour is not meant to be taken seriously, yet many on the left pervert its intent.
Truth may be inconvenient but it is never politically incorrect...The Oracle of Truth has spoken...8)


THERE WILL BE NO COUP IN AMERICA!


Pepe
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14 Dec 2019, 5:07 am

Information Pollution:

Quote:
The Disturbing Power of Information Pollution


Quote:
To some, the idea that objective truth is unimportant sounds like a sophisticated bit of real politic. To others, it seems liberating, because it allows each of us to invent our own truth. But really, it is a self-serving rationalization disguised as philosophy. It confuses the difficulty of being certain with the impossibility of truth. Look, it is always difficult to know for certain what is true. Maybe you really live in the Matrix. Maybe you have a brain chip implant feeding you all the wrong information. But in practice, we do all agree on some facts: that bullets kill people, that you can’t flap your arms and fly. There is an external reality. Ignoring it can get you hurt.

Yet skepticism about objective truth remains tempting because it allows us to rationalize away our own bias. When we do, we are like the guy who knows he is living in the Matrix but decides he likes it that way. After all, being right all the time feels good; getting what you want feels good. So we prefer to live in bad faith and see our cozy, curated information bubble as the measure of all things. And there is no better example of this bad faith but the fact the very term “fake news” has itself become a weapon to defend our own bubbles. “Fake news” now means any coverage you disagree with.

In George Orwell’s “1984,” the protagonist is tortured until he agrees that two plus two equals five. The point, his torturer makes clear, is to make him see that there is no objective truth other than what the party says is true. That’s the deep power of information pollution. It can lull us into giving up on truth altogether. And once we give up on truth, we give up on critical thought — even dissent itself.


https://thereader.mitpress.mit.edu/dist ... pollution/


_________________
Laughter is the best medicine. Age-appropriate behaviour is an arbitrary NT social construct.
Don't tell me white lies. Gaslight me at your peril. Don't give me your bad attitude. Hypnosis, psychosis. Tomarto, tomayto. "Go after people and not institutions; people hurt faster than institutions." I didn't say that. Honey badger.
If I'm so bad, pass me by. ;)


And one more thing,


"A stranger is a friend gang-stalker you haven't met yet." Humour is not meant to be taken seriously, yet many on the left pervert its intent.
Truth may be inconvenient but it is never politically incorrect...The Oracle of Truth has spoken...8)


THERE WILL BE NO COUP IN AMERICA!


Amity
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14 Dec 2019, 5:19 am

Thanks for the info chaps, posting so that I can find this thread later... will likely need time to 'digest' it!